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From Liepaja to Riga

Liepāja

At the beach

DSC_3599

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Liepāja
City
Art Nouveau architecture in Liepāja.
Art Nouveau architecture in Liepāja.
Flag of Liepāja
Flag
Coat of arms of Liepāja
Coat of arms
Location of Liepāja within Latvia
Location of Liepāja within Latvia
C

Liepāja (pronounced [liepaːja] ( )); GermanLibauPolishLipawa), is a city in western Latvia, located on the Baltic Sea directly at 21°E. It is the largest city in the Kurzeme Region and the third largest city in the country after Riga andDaugavpils. An important ice-free port, as of 1 July 2011, Liepāja had a population of 75,000.

Liepāja is known throughout Latvia as “The city where the wind is born”, likely because of the constant sea breeze. A song of the same name (Latvian“Pilsētā, kurā piedzimst vējš”) was composed by Imants Kalniņš and has become the anthem of the city. Its reputation of Liepāja as the windiest city in Latvia was strengthened with the construction nearby of the largest wind power plant in the nation (33 Enercon wind turbines).

The Coat of Arms of Liepāja was adopted four days after the jurisdiction gained city rights on 18 March 1625.[1] These are described as: “on a silver background, the lion of Courland with a divided tail, who leans upon a linden (LatvianLiepa) tree with its forelegs.” The flag of Liepāja has the coat of arms in the center, with red in the top half and green in the bottom.[1]

IMG_4651

 Jewish Community Centre & Museum

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Other Jewish buildings

 

Holocaust Memorials & Cemetery

The Market

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Liepāja massacres

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Liepāja massacres
LiepajaLatvia1941.jpg

Members of the 21st Latvian Police Battalionassemble a group of Jewish women for murder on a beach near Liepāja, December 15, 1941.
Also known as Libau, Šķēde, Shkeede, Skeden
Location LiepājaLatvia and vicinity, including PriekuleAizpute, andGrobiņa
Incident type Imprisonment, mass shootings, forced labor
Perpetrators Viktors ArājsPēteris GaliņšFritz DietrichErhard GrauelWolfgang KüglerHans KawelmacherKarl-Emil Strott
Organizations KriegsmarineEinsatzgruppen,OrdnungspolizeiWehrmachtArajs KommandoLatvian Auxiliary Police
Victims About 5,000 Jews. Lesser numbers of Gypsies, communists and the mentally ill were also killed.
Memorials At Šķēde, Liepāja Central Cemetery

The Liepāja massacres were a series of mass executions, many in public or semi-public, in and near the city of Liepāja (German: Libau), on the west coast of Latvia in 1941 after the Nazi occupation of Latvia. The main perpetrators were detachments of the Einsatzgruppen, the Sicherheitsdienst or SD, the Ordnungspolizei, or ORPO, and Latvian auxiliary police and militia forcesWehrmacht and German naval forces participated in the shootings.[1] In addition to Jews, the Nazis and their Latvian collaborators also killed Gypsies, communists, the mentally ill[1] and so-called “hostages”.[2] In contrast to most other Holocaust murders in Latvia, the killings at Liepāja were done in open places.[3] About 5,000 of the 5,700 Jews trapped in Liepāja were shot, most of them in 1941.[2] The killings occurred at a variety of places within and outside of the city, including Rainis Park in the city center, and areas near the harbor, the Olympic Stadium, and the lighthouse. The largest massacre, of 2731 Jews, and 23 communists, happened from December 15 to 17, 1941, in the dunes near Šķēde, on an old Latvian army training ground.[2] More is known about the killing of the Jews of Liepāja than in any other city in Latvia except for Riga.[4]

  Skede Memorial

Aizpute

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aizpute
Town
St. John Lutheran church in Aizpute built in 1253
St. John Lutheran church in Aizpute built in 1253
Coat of arms of Aizpute
Coat of arms

Aizpute (GermanHasenpoth) is a town in western Latvia‘s Aizpute municipality in the valley of Tebra River, 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Liepāja.

History

Territory of modern Aizpute was inhabited by ancient Curonians since 9th century. St. John Lutheran church has been built on the curonian hillfort. In 13th century during Livonian crusade territory of Aizpute was conquered by German crusaders. Already in 1248 master of the Livonian Order Dietrich von Grüningen ordered building of stone castle in Aizpute. Castle and whole settlement became known as Hasenpoth. After partition of Courland in 1253 Aizpute became part of Bishopric of Courland. In 1260 Aizpute church is built. Bishop of Courland Otto granted Magdeburg rights to Aizpute in 1378.

In the second half of the 16th century Aizpute experienced rapid development because Tebra river was used as main trade route for merchants of Aizpute who shipped their cargo down to the sea. After the Polish-Swedish war all trade and shipping infrastructure was destroyed and Aizpute started to experience decline. During 1611-1795 it was under the power of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as a capital of the semi-autonomous Powiat Piltynski (District ofPiltene).

In 1795 Aizpute and whole of Courland was incorporated into Russian Empire and became part of Courland Governorate. During Russian revolution of 1905 Aizpute was one of the places where local revolutionists showed armed resistance to Cossack punitive units. It led to the so-called Aizpute War.

During Republic of Latvia Aizpute became centre of a district but in the Soviet period it lost its position and became part of Liepāja district. Since 2009 Aizpute is a centre of Aizpute municipality.

Its current name is the Lettization of the German one and is officially in use since 1917.

 

 

Serde

Artists in Residencies

Main activities involve the exchange between culture, science and education, including the organisation of residencies, workshops, seminars, lectures, presentations and other activities.

I met the delightful Signe Pucena who runs Serde with her husband, Ugis. Their daughter is Trine.

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 A Notebook of Traditions

Narratives about the Jews of Aizpute

The cover and some images – you can order from Serde

The Jewish Cemetery

On the road to Riga

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Riga by Night

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